Everyone homeowners wants clean, safe home water. After all, we rely on water for everything. From cooking and cleaning to drinking and bathing, water remains essential for everyday things. As a result, we all want the best water purity in our homes.
However, water contains impurities. Although most impurities derive from the environment and do not pose much concern, they still exist.
“There’s no such thing as pure water. The very concept of ‘pure’ water is misleading. Pure water does not exist in nature. Water is the universal solvent. Even as it falls to earth as rain it picks up particles and minerals in the air. And as soon as it hits the ground it captures minerals from the soil and rock upon which it lands. It makes its way into streams and rivers, carrying soil from the mountains to the sea. Water picks up contaminants such as airborne mercury while it’s falling as rain.”
For example, in Connecticut, common water issues, which are no fault of anyone, include:
- Hard Water
- Low pH Levels
- Iron and Manganese
- Hydrogen Sulfide
Fortunately, qualified water treatment professionals help homeowners resolve these common issues. But, many homeowners want (and should) know more about their own water quality. Therefore, we hope the following helps educate homeowners on water purity and take some steps to achieve this goal.
What is water purity?
Pure water only exists in a laboratory setting. For example, water experts explain the nuances of achieve 100% pure water.
“Water is a compound made up of hydrogen and oxygen, so pure water would be water that contains nothing but hydrogen and oxygen. However, pure water of this sort does not normally exist except in the controlled environment of a laboratory. Even in a laboratory pure water is hard to come by. For example, bacterial contamination of purified water can cause major problems in the laboratory.
Even if organic and inorganic chemical impurities are removed down to the limits of detection, bacterial growth can still occur, even though very pure water provides an extremely harsh environment with apparently negligible nutrient content. To avoid metallic contamination of the water, laboratory water purifiers are constructed using plastics. The bacteria can use these materials that are in contact with the pure water as a carbon food source to sustain them, and then when they die they release further contaminants into the water. If this bacterial growth is not minimized, it can cause significant difficulties in the day-to-day operation of the laboratory.”
Therefore, when discussing water purity, we mean purified water.
Purified water means a lack of any impurities in the water. As a result, the water purification process removes virtually all impurities, which means the quality of the original source does not make a difference.
How to achieve water purity at home?
The EPA defines “pure” water as water free from all types of bacteria and viruses. As a result, homeowners obtain or achieve water purity by identifying contaminants in their water and removing those substances.
Additionally, homeowners possess multiple options when looking for properly purified water in their homes.
- Reverse Osmosis
Reverse osmosis offers the most convenient and cost effective method to remove contaminants and provide safe water. Additionally, reverse osmosis systems remove common chemical contaminants, such as sodium, chloride, copper, chromium and lead.
- Carbon Adsorption
Carbon adsorption removes many chemicals and gases, along with microorganisms (in certain cases). However, this method does not remove dissolved solids, minerals or metals. Typically, carbon adsorption provides a component of a complete water purification system. In designing a complete system, the placement of the carbon remains a critical consideration as well.
- Ion Exchange
Ion exchange (or deionization) percolates water through a bead-like spheres made from resin. The ions swap (or exchange) with other ions that are fixed to the beads. Frequently, water softening devices rely on ion-exchange methods. Deionization offers an important component as part of a total water purification system when used in combination with other methods, such as reverse osmosis and carbon adsorption.
- UV Radiation
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation helps treat germs in water. For example, the adsorption of UV light by the DNA and proteins within microorganisms effectively sanitize water. Plus, with recent advances in UV technology creates some very high purity water.
How to test for water purity?
The most important step any homeowner can take in achieve water purity is testing. As they say, what gets measured, gets improved. So, if you don’t know your water quality, then you won’t be able to improve it!
Fortunately, there are a few options for in-home water testing.
- Consumer Confidence Report
A consumer confidence report, which is required to be provided by municipalities every year, provides general information about the water delivered to your home. Request a report from your local water company and review the report. Of note, this report is not applicable for homes with private wells.
- Check the Tap
As an initial (and rudimentary) step, use a clear glass to hold some tap water. Hold the water up to some good lighting and look for any discoloration or sediment. Additionally, smell the water and sniff the water for any odd scents. Finally, check your drains, water fixtures and toilets or tubs for any stains. If you notice anything, then add a professional water testing to the top of your home projects list.
- Test the Water
Any homeowners that rely on a private water supply should routinely test their water. For example, 25% of Connecticut residents rely on well water! Therefore, test well water for herbicides and insecticides at least twice a year for bacteria and nitrates. Test annually lead, pH and total dissolved solids.
Finally, SolvIt offers a free in-home water analysis and proposal.
The proposal provides options to create a custom water quality solution that’s right for you. We provide our water quality solutions to our local service areas or schedule a free in-home water analysis today.